for Keeping Your Child Health
Maintaining the health of children of special concern to mothers, especially at the turn of the season which is generally accompanied by a host of diseases. When the change of seasons occurs, the body’s extra hard to adapt to changing weather of the dry season to rainy season. Original air-dry heat, suddenly becomes cold-damp. This condition, causing discomfort, also makes the body susceptible to disease. Generally, the rainy season begins transition uneven. This causes some areas are still dusty and hot valve.
Furthermore, dust and debris remaining in the area easily by the wind to other areas, and a vector (carrier) of disease. Children, especially under-fives, including a susceptible disease in transition seasons. If left unchecked, it is not likely develop into adverse health problems.
Fever is one of the health problems often suffered by children in the transition season. This could be because the new in this transition season, battered children against many germs (usually a virus) on a large scale. Fever is not an illness. But a symptom that the body is building a defense against infection. More precisely, the fever can be a symptom of various diseases. Starting from mild to serious infections.
B. Respiratory Diseases
One of the diseases of children in the transition season that preceded the fever is a disease of the respiratory system. Fever is a symptom of respiratory system disease is usually mild to moderate (37.4 to 39.4 degrees Celsius).
But in some cases of influenza in children, fever can reach 39.9 degrees Celsius. The initial symptoms of respiratory tract disease can include cough, sometimes accompanied by shortness of breath. It could also be accompanied by a cough runny nose, sneezing and the increase in body temperature. Can also appear specific symptoms, namely abnormal breathing.
Based on the location of the attack, the disease can be divided into two:
b1. Upper respiratory tract disease.
Generally, symptoms of upper respiratory tract disease is more mild, such as a cold. Only in certain cases may appear serious symptoms, such as fever which is rather high (at the throat inflammation) and toxemia or poisoning (in diphtheria).
b2. Lower respiratory tract disease.
Disturbance in this section could lead to bronchopneumonia, the inflammation of the lungs that came from the branches of a throat infection, and bronkioetitis, which is a serious infection in the last branch of the respiratory tract which is adjacent to the lung tissue.
C. Gastrointestinal disease
In the transition the dry season to rainy season, cases of this disease is high because of large amount of dust and dirt that has the potential to be vectors. The disease is also very closely related to food consumption patterns. Because the disease is generally caused by bacteria or viruses that commonly contaminate food and beverages, whether it be home-made food or snacks outside the home. Given the pattern of children who tend to eat at will, the possibility of this disease becomes very large.
Gastrointestinal disease is usually preceded by a complaint from diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. Symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea is usually accompanied by fever, headache and heartburn, heartburn. Feces of children may appear slimy and bloody even (if the cause is not infection, symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea is rarely accompanied by heartburn and stool without mucus and blood).
So there are no unwanted things, first aid is usually given priority to stop the vomiting and diarrhea. And after a given treatment, within 3 days generally reduced complaints. If not, children need to get more serious treatment.
D. Prevention and Treatment
Keeping the child’s food intake. Adequate nutrition, according to age, weight and your child’s activity will increase endurance, so not susceptible to disease
Equip it with a multivitamin. This supplement contains essential vitamins (which can not be made by the body). When given the right – the composition and the dosage adjusted to the needs of children – a multivitamin can help improve endurance, so not susceptible to disease transition.
Make sure all food and drinks into the mouths of children is guaranteed cleanliness. That is, besides to be more hygienic in processing and preparing food at home, persuade children not to snack at random.