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One in seven stroke occurs during sleep

May 12, 2011

One in seven stroke occurs during sleep

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – About 15 percent of people who suffer a stroke (CVA) does not receive thrombolytic therapy because they all happened while they slept.

Thrombolytics help prevent permanent disability after a stroke, but must be administered within 4.5 hours of symptom onset.

Since people who have a stroke during sleep can not know exactly when it happened, can not receive treatment if they slept for more than 4.5 hours, said Dr. Jason Mackey, University of Cincinnati.

When Mackey’s team compared those with the ACV ACV day night, no major differences observed between the two, indicating that you can apply the same advice for prevention and treatment used for ACV day, explained the author.

Strokes that occur while the patient is asleep or awake “no different”, so said the people concerned should prevent the general health care, taking the pressure, eat right, exercise and control cholesterol.

Stroke can be treated if you act quickly, said Mackey. So that any person who wakes up with typical symptoms (difficulty speaking or walking, or weakness in an arm, leg or one side of the face) should act immediately.

“If you suspect that someone is having a stroke, call Fast 911,” he said. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States, after heart disease and cancer.

The team reviewed the medical records of patients treated at emergency units in Ohio and Kentucky in 2005. Identified 1,854 people with the most common type of stroke, which obstructs blood flow to the brain. Nearly 15 percent of that group (273) said he had woken up with symptoms.

If 15 percent of strokes occur during sleep, the team estimated 58,000 Americans consult in emergency units after waking with symptoms of a stroke, according to the journal Neurology.

By comparing the ACV day with night, the team found no major differences. In general, patients with stroke were slightly higher arousal and heart attacks were more severe, but no other distinguishing characteristics.

No patient awoke with symptoms received the clot-busting drug called tPA (the acronym of tissue plasminogen activator).

But what if some had had the stroke immediately before waking, rather than several hours earlier? That would have enabled them to receive treatment.

In fact, one third of people with awakening stroke drug could have received if the weather was not a requirement. None had other features that would prevent him from receiving tPA, such as hypertension or recent surgery.

“A lot of these patients have no reason to not receiving the therapy,” said Mackey. The reason why physicians hesitate to administer tPA after that key window of time, he explained, is the risk of bleeding in the brain.

In addition, no previous study showed that there are benefits if these drugs are used long after the onset of stroke symptoms.

The next step, Mackey said, is to investigate how to estimate the ACV when arousal occurs so that doctors can determine which patients with symptoms on awakening may receive tPA “and thus give them a chance.”

Too little vitamin D in infants increases the risk of infection

May 12, 2011
Too little vitamin D in infants increases the risk of infection

Too little vitamin D in infants increases the risk of infection

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Babies born with low levels of vitamin D have high risk of developing a type of lung infection before their first birthday.

The infection is caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), which inflames the small airways of the lungs, in what is known as bronchiolitis. It can also cause pneumonia.

In fact, RSV is the most common cause of pneumonia and bronchiolitis in infants, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC for its acronym in English).

Researchers found that babies with abnormal levels of vitamin D at birth were six times more likely than others to have RSV bronchiolitis in the first year of life.

This, for researchers, opening the way for the possibility of getting enough vitamin D during pregnancy may prevent some infections due to RSV.

The study’s lead author, Dr. Louis Bont, the Wilhelmina Children’s Hospital in Utrecht, the Netherlands, said that for now, pregnant women must meet the general recommendation on the intake of vitamin D.

In the U.S., the Institute of Medicine has now raised the recommended dose of 600 international units (IU) per day and limit it to 4,000 IU daily.

Almost all children had RSV at 2 years old and most with mild symptoms. But between one and two of 10 developed bronchiolitis and one in 10 of them are hospitalized.

The study, published in the journal Pediatrics, included the most severe cases of RSV, infants with symptoms of bronchiolitis, wheezing and coughing as moderate to severe.

At baseline, the researchers found vitamin D levels in umbilical cord blood of 156 newborns.

27 percent had vitamin D levels considered abnormal. Another 27 percent had average levels that some experts considered too low, although there is controversy about it. The rest (46 percent) had adequate levels of vitamin D.

A 18 babies had confirmed RSV infection during the first year of life. Babies with the lowest levels of vitamin D at birth were six times more likely to develop an RSV infection than the group with normal levels.

Did not register this increased risk in children with levels of vitamin D.

Bont said that the results do not prove that only a high level of vitamin D at birth will prevent RSV infection, but could be other explanations for this relationship.

A researcher outside the studio is convinced that vitamin D does have a “real” effect on respiratory infections in infants.

“But we have to do more clinical trials,” said Dr. Carlos Camargo, associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston.

In a study just published in Pediatrics and his team found that higher levels of vitamin D in infants were associated with a decreased risk of respiratory infections were, in general during the first three months of life.

Info Ksehatan Masyarakat

April 21, 2011

Info Ksehatan Masyarakat Untuk mewujudkan Negara yang lebih baik melalui kepemilikan generasi terbaik, kesehatan masyarakat perlu menjadi prioritas. Dengan mengaplikasikan kesehatan ini, akan muncul generasi sehat yang mampu memberikan kontribusi optimalnya dalam membangun Negara ini. Jiwa yang sehat secara fisik dan batin diharapkan memiliki kemampuan untuk berkontribusi dengan baik dan nyaman dalam berbagi ide dan pemikiran mereka ke dalam bentuk nyata sesuai aspek dan bidang yang ditekuni masing-masing bagi masa depan yang lebih baik. Kesehatan masyarakat sendiri mencakup banyak hal, baik misalnya dari kesehatan keluarga, reproduksi, hingga kesehatan kejiwaan. Kesemua ilmu dan keterampilan mengenai kesehatan tersebut dibahas dan dipelajari demi terwujudnya kesehatan yang lebih baik dan komprehensif bagi masyarakat.

Kesehatan keluarga merupakan bagian dari kesehatan masyarakat yang perlu diperhatikan dan dipelajari oleh masyarakat. Mengingat keluarga adalah bagain terkecil dari masyarakat, kebutuhan akan terciptanya keluarga yang sehat menjadi juga pertimbangan mengapa masyarakat perlu memiliki pengetahuan dan keterampilan dalam melindungi kesehatan keluarga. Dengan adanya ilmu ini, diharapkan keluarga setidaknya mampu memberikan pertolongan pertama saat ada keluarga lain yang jatuh sakit. Perawatan dan pengobatan yang dilakukan oleh keluarga juga diyakini lebih efektif dalam menyembuhkan pasien. Kesembuhan pasien tidak hanya dipenuhi dengan pengobatan dan perawatan semata namun juga kasih sayang dan perhatian yang ditunjukkan oleh keluarga. Ketika keluarga mampu berkontribusi dalam merawat pasien, maka proses penyembuhan akan berjalan lebih cepat.

Sementara itu, kesehatan reproduksi menjadi krusial untuk diberikan kepada para wanita, terutama para ibu dan remaja yang memang rentan mengalami hal ini. Kesehatan masyarakat merasa perlu memberikan pengetahuan ilmu reproduksi mengingat masih banyak wanita yang tidak paham pentingnya merawat hal ini. Tidak hanya para wanita di daerah terpencil yang memiliki pengetahuan terbatas mengenai kesehatan reproduksi ini, karena banyak pula wanita kota yang tidak memahami bagaimana peran reproduksi ini. Hal ini lantaran kurangnya media yang memberikan informasi secara menyeluruh dan detail dalam membahas ilmu ini. Disinilah peran kesehatan masyarakat berjalan karena dengan program ini, banyak wanita yang kemudian menyadari betapa pentingnya menjaga kesehatan reproduksi mereka, tidak hanya untuk kesehatan pribadi mereka, namun juga bagi seluruh keluarga secara utuh. Dengan memberikan banyak penyuluhan dan ajang berbagi maupun diskusi, diharapkan para wanita menjadi lebih peka terhadap kesehatan mereka

Pemakai Hormonal dapat Merusak Kesehatan

April 21, 2011

Alat kontrasepformas y consejossi hormonal seperti suntik, implant, dan pil tidak bisa dikonsumsi jangka waktu lama secara terus-menerus. Penggunaan terus-menerus dalam jangka waktu lama akan memberikan efek samping bagi kesehatan, Oleh karena penggunaannya harus memperhatikan aturan penggunaan.

Setelah jangka waktu tertentu, pasangan usia subur harus menggantinya. Petugas kesehatan seharusnya memberikan informasi secara lengkap tentang kontrasepsi sebelum memberikan tindakan kepada pasien karena sifatnya kimiawi,” sehingga ada efak sampingnya,” kata Kepala Bidang KB DKBPP Drs Hendroko Suroso di sela-sela Penerimaan Tim Penilai Lomba PIK-R Tingkat Jateng di Pringgitan Rumah Bupati Purbalingga, Kamis (24/3).

Namun di lapangan kenyataannya berbeda, karena penjualan alat kontrasepsi hormonal seperti suntik itu memberikan tambahan penghasilan, sehingga tidak kami pungkiri ada petugas kesehatan yang diam saja tidak menggantinya dengan alat KB non hormonal. “Seperti para ibu yang menggunakan kontrasepsi suntik, seharusnya setelah 10 kali suntik, harus ganti kontrasepsi non hormonal kalau belum ingin punya anak lagi,” jelasnya..

Menurut Hendroko, kontrasepsi hormonal jika digunakan secara terus-menerus dalam jangka waktu lama tetap memberikan efek samping yang kurang baik bagi kesehatan, seperti penggunaan obat-obatan kimia lainnya. Karenanya, penggunaan kontrasepsi juga harus memperhatikan aturan penggunaannya.

Pasangan usia subur juga diimbaunya untuk aktif menggali informasi tentang kontrasepsi sebanyak-banyaknya sebelum menentukan yang akan dipilihnya. Sejauh sesuai penggunaan, kontrasepsi yang beredar di Indonesia relatrif teruji tingkat keamanannya. Tanpa memperhatikan aturan penggunaannya, selain menimbulkan masalah kesehatan juga memperbesar peluang gagal dalam menunda kehamilan.

“Ada seorang ibu yang baru dipasang implant sore, malam harinya melakukan hubungan seks dengan suaminya. Akhirnya program KB-nya gagal. Karena hormon dalam implant belum bekerja sepenuhnya,” ujar Hendroko.

Pada kasus lainnya, ada juga seorang bapak yang belum sempurna kesembuhan luka sisa MOP dan sudah melakukan hubungan seks. Sudah dapat diduga, bapak tersebutpun gagal melaksanakan program KB. Atau seorang ibu yang memasang IUD di luar masa haid dan lupa telah melakukan hubungan seks sebelumnya, tidak disadarinya janin dalam kandungannya membesar sementara IUD masih tertancap di mulut rahimnya

BUAH ANGGUR UNTUK KESEHATAN YANG BAIK

March 29, 2011

BUAH ANGGUR UNTUK KESEHATAN YANG BAIKBuah anggur tidak hanya sumber dari vitamin A, C, B6 dan folate yang baik. Tetapi juga sumber mineral penting lainnya seperti potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium dan selenium.

Semua vitamin tersebut sangat berguna untuk menjaga kesehatan tubuh. Inilah beberapa khasiat kesehatan dari buah anggur seperti yang dikutip dari Idiva.

10 Manfaat Buah Anggur Bagi Kesehatan

1. Asma
Anggur memiliki kekuatan assimilatory yang dapat meningkatkan kadar air dalam paru-paru. Hal ini sangat baik bagi penderita asma karena dapat mengurangi masalah sesak nafas.

2. Antibakteri
Anggur merah memiliki kandungan antibakterial dan antivirus yang kuat, sehingga dapat melindungi tubuh dari infeksi.

3. Alzheimer
Penelitian menunjukan bahwa anggur dapat meningkatkan kesehatan otak dan menghindari dari penyakit Alzheimer. Hal ini dikarenakan anggur mengandung resveratol, yakni sebuah polifenol yang mengurangi tingkat amyloidal beta peptides pada penderita Alzheimer.

4. Kanker payudara
Penelitian juga menunjukkan bahwa jus anggur yang berwarna ungu membantu dalam mencegah kanker payudara yang secara signifikan mengurangi massa tumor pada payudara.

5. Sembelit
Anggur mengandung asam organik, gula, selulosa yang dikenal sebagai pencahar. Manfaat ini sangat baik untuk mengatasi keluhan sembelit atau susah buang air besar.

6. Kelelahan
Jus anggur mengandung energi instan. Jus anggur yang kaya akan zat besi dapat mengurangi kelelahan diimbangi dengan istirahat yang cukup.

7. Penyakit jantung
Tingkat oksida nitrat dalam darah akan meningkat ketika Anda mengonsumsi buah anggur, yang bermanfaat untuk mencegah pembekuan dan mengurangi risiko penyakit jantung. Antioksidannya juga dapat menghentikan oksidasi kolesterol LDL yang menghambat pembuluh darah.

8. Pencernaan
Bila Anda menderita gangguan pencernaan, ada baiknya Anda mengonsumsi anggur. Anggur juga baik untuk mengatasi masalah perut lainnya.

PISANG PALING BAIK UNTUK KESEHATAN

March 29, 2011

PISANG PALING BAIK UNTUK KESEHATANMungkin belum banyak orang yang tahu bahwa pisang memiliki segudang manfaat bagi kesehatan manusia. Pisang juga merupakan buah favorit para atlik dunia maupun atlit nasional, Karena dapat dengan cepat mengembalikan energi yang terbuang dan pisang merupakan makanan yang mudah dicerna.

Kandungan gizi dalam pisang matang: 99 gram kalori,72 gr air, 1,2 gram protein, 0,2 gr lemak, 25,8 mg karbohidrat,28 mg fosfor,0,5 mg besi, 0,7 gr serat, 8 mg kalsium, 44 RE vitamin A, 0,08 mg vitamin B dan 3 mg vitamin C.

Semua kandungan gizi dalam pisang akan terpenuhi bila pisang sudah matang.

Berikut manfaat dan khasiat buah pisang:

1. Sumber Tenaga

Pisang dapat dicerna dengan mudah, sehingga gula yang terdapat didalamnya akan diubah menjadi sumber tenaga yang baik untuk pembentukan tubuh, kerja otot dan juga sangat bagus untuk menghilangkan lelah.

2. Ibu Hamil

Wanita yang tengah hamil dianjurkan untuk mengkonsumsi pisang, karena mengandung asam folat tinggi yang penting bagi kesempurnaan janin, pembentukan sel-sel baru dan mencegah terjadi cacat bawaan.

Sebuah pisang matang, akan mengandung sekitar 85-100 kalori. Sehingga dengan memakan dua pisang segar, kebutuhan asam folat yang sekitar 58 mikrogram dapat terpenuhi. Di samping itu pisang akan membantu menjaga kadar gula darah yang dapat mengurangi morning sick, sehingga pisang sangat baik untuk cemilan ibu hamil.

Overcoming Headaches, Should With Drugs

December 17, 2010

Given sufficient number of side effects from the use of headache medications, it is better to try non-drug treatment is natural that can help prevent attacks or even cure a headache. We adapt from http://www.faqs.org who have collected information about natural remedies, and most informed treatment following a proven effective, and generally have a basic theory related.

Natural treatment generally do not have side effects. Often

some natural remedies can be done simultaneously. If one medication to reduce headache, makapengobatan others can help reduce or even eliminate the headaches that arise.

Keep in mind that not all of these treatments are effective in every person. The perceived effect may also differ. Some medications may actually increase the pain heads, danbeberapa treatment may even no effect at all. You may decide to try several methods of treatment and choosing the best method for you.

1. For Immediate Effects

Actions under this treatment done to eliminate or reduce pain during the headache attack.

Bath or by flushing the body with a shower.

Rest, lying in a dark room.

Avoid bright light or flame of dazzling lights.

Put something cold on the back of the neck, like a cold, wet towel, or place alternately between a cold towel and a warm towel in place of pain

Put a cold compress on her forehead, while soaking the feet in a container of warm water.

Drink water or natural fruit juice, especially tomato juice.

If you have not eaten at all, try the consumption of nutritious foods or beverages

Massage the face, head, neck, shoulders and your back muscles for more relaxed.

Press the two pressure points on the back of the neck, a distance of about two inches, is located just below the skull, one to two minutes. This action can release endorphins which can help relieve pain.

Massage or press the fleshy part between thumb and forefinger.

Bend your head slowly to right or left to stretch the neck muscles. Massage and relax my muscles are tense.

Avoid sources of stress.

Avoid exercise during a headache if the sport’s increasing pain in the head and neck.

Drinking vitamin C, vitamin B6, choline, tryptophan, and niacin and / or magnesium

2. Treatment of a la Chiropractic

According to the rules of chiropractic, headaches are sometimes caused by a shifting of the spine from its place, but because of this shift very little is usually not detected. This shift could be caused by heavy lifting or sitting position is one that can interfere with the nerves in the spinal cord, causing headaches. Chiropractor (chiropractic practitioners) usually treat headaches by stimulating the bones of these slowly to restore its position.

The method can relieve headaches is suggested by the chiropractor is to stretch the neck muscles to the left and right slowly and gently (caution: do not perform rotary motion!). Avoid sitting with heads bowed in a long time and lay on his back with his head propped up pillow. If you want to use the pillow you should use a pillow that can support the neck but not the head too high. When lying on her side, use pillows to prop the head and neck. When seated, for example working with the computer, frequently changing the sitting position and examine whether there is a strained shoulder muscle while supporting the hand.

3. Biofeedback

With biofeedback, a person will learn to control bodily functions are regulated by nerve unconscious, such as heart rate. Several body functions like muscle tension, cold hands and release of hormones such as adrenaline in the blood is nerves control unconscious involved in headaches.

Biofeedback means utilizing information provided by the body that is controlled by nerve unconscious and conscious information was changed to conform to our will. If this were trained continuously, people will get used to regulate body functions to work according to his will.

Phase I of migraine similar to the body’s response to fear. In phase I, blood flowing from his hands and head into a large muscle. Hand, especially the fingertips will be a cold because the blood drawn out. Feelings of confusion or an inability to think clearly that emerged in Phase I is similar to fear. The pain will appear in phase II, when the blood vessels of head and neck over-reaction and widens again to form a larger than normal size. These headaches can be prevented by reducing the severity of phase I, which then can prevent the occurrence of phase II.

Hormone levels in the blood that causes contraction of blood vessels, such as serotonin and adrenaline, can be controlled with biofeedback, for example by thinking about things that are relaxing and enjoyable. Levels of serotonin can be monitored by checking the temperatures on the fingers and hands for example by using a thermometer or with palms pressed in cheek. If your hands feel warm or hot, that is in conformity with the body temperature. If this is often done, after a long time people will find their own tehniknya in controlling body functions.